It was the compromise line agreed upon between Governors Daniel Coxe and Robert Barclay in 1682, which ran a little north of Morristown to the Passaic River; thence up the Pequaneck to forty-one degrees of north latitude; and thence by a straight line due east to the New York State line.This line being afterward objected to by the East Jersey proprietors, the latter procured the running of the Lawrence line.
At the time of first European contact, Bergen County was inhabited by Native American people, particularly the Lenape Nation, whose sub-groups included the Tappan, Hackensack, and Rumachenanck (later called the Haverstraw), as named by the Dutch colonists.Their ancestors had moved into the mountains to escape encroachment by Dutch and English colonists.In November 1776, the Battle of Fort Lee took place as part of a British plan to capture George Washington and to crush the Continental Army, whose forces were divided and located in Fort Lee and Hackensack.After abandoning the defenses in Fort Lee and leaving behind considerable supplies, the Continental forces staged a hasty retreat through present-day Englewood, Teaneck, and Bergenfield, and across the Hackensack River at New Bridge Landing, one of the few sites where the river was crossed by a bridge.In January 1709, the boundaries were extended to include all of the current territory of Hudson County (formed in 1840) and portions of the current territory of Passaic County (formed in 1837).
The 1709 borders were described as follows:† The line between East and West Jersey here referred to is not the line finally adopted and known as the Lawrence line, which was run by John Lawrence in September and October 1743.
Its most populous place, with 43,010 residents at the time of the 2010 census, is Hackensack, Bergen County is one of the wealthiest counties in the United States, with a median household income of ,708 per the 2010 Census, increasing to an estimated ,677 in 2014, which was almost 18% higher than the ,919 median statewide.
The origin of the name of Bergen County is a matter of debate.
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